According to some historical sources, wine in Vršac dates from the period of Dacians and the Roman Empire, and the first written information about it comes from the, when the wine from Vršac was sold to the court of King Vladislav II.
From the writings of the Turkish traveler Evliya Chelebi we know that the slopes of Vršac hills were planted with vines, which gives sweet and delicious grapes. At Banat winemaking made great progress during the colonization of the rule of Maria Theresa (1740-1780).
At the road to the monastery Mesić is a large wine cellar, "Helvetia", which in 1880 was built and equipped by a Swiss wine merchant Bernhard Staub. How much wine is important for this city, testifies the fact that the vines found its place in the city’s coat of arms in the 1804 year, and many details on the façades of old houses are decorated with grape motifs.
In the late 19th century in Vršac was more than 10,000 hectares of vineyards. It was the largest vineyards in Hungary, according to some statisticians in Europe, where the phylloxera devastation left devastation.
After expulsion of the Turks and the arrival of the Germans from the Rhineland, wine is becoming a major industry in Gudurica, a nearby village. After World War II instead of expelled Germans the village was inhabited by Slovenes, Macedonians, and colonists from Bosnia, Lika, Banija and Kordun.
In Gudurica now lives 1500 people representing 22 nationalities. Out of 425 households, 80 of them cultivated 100 hectares of vineyards, which together with Vršac vineyards plantations of about 1,000 ha is the most “vinest” village throughout Serbia.
GRAPE AND WINEMAKING TODAY
Vršac vineyards covers the hilly terrain around Vršac, the final slopes of the Carpathians. "Vršac vineyards" have plantations with more than 1700 hectares of vineyards, while in the region has about 2,100 ha. The soils are loam type of soil, brown forest soil, soil with diluvia quicksand. The region's climate is typical continental.
Of native and old varieties are still grown here Župljanka, Smederevka, Sasla white, Rkaciteli, Kreatza. Kreatza is an old white grape, native to Vršac. It is grown up over the Banat. In Vršac vineyards dominate the white wine varieties, the black almost does not exist.
Vršac hill, Gudurica, immediately remind good connoisseur to the area where the best grapes are grown and produced good wine. The favorable geographic and climatic conditions for growing grapes influenced that all those who have lived in these areas, seriously commit themselves to the production of grapes and wine.
Today, this entire region, with the touch of Vršac mountains and mild Banat plain, is the vineyard and is one of a major wine-growing regions in Serbia.
Among the many top quality wines from this wine region are noted for their quality are Muscat otonel, chardonnay, pinot blanc, Rhine and Italian Riesling, a very popular table wines - Banat Riesling, varieties of Italian Riesling, smederevka, Župljanka and Kreatza.
Building of Cellars of Vršac Vineyards is and architectural attractions. It can accommodate 3400 tons of wine. The cellar was built from 1964 to 1967. "Vršac vineyards" are one of the greatest symbols of the former Yugoslavia. The cellar is in the Y-shaped (first letter tags for Yugoslavia). One of the three largest wine cellar under one roof in Europe, the other two are in the Listel Logranyi in France and in Spain. The basement has five galleries, one underground and four above, and in them is located 580 wine vessels made of concrete, coated with glass plates.
In Vršac there is wine military order of "St. Theodore”, who was named the patron saint of Vršac. Knights of wine you can meet at the wine route, because the growers that we recommend to visit, are members of the wine order.
WHAT TO EAT
In addition to local wines you can try the local specialties of Vršac and Vojvodina: venison, barbecue, ham, headcheese, rolls with cheese, strudel with poppy seeds. With venison goes local wine Frankovka, and with a ham Kreatzer and Italian Riesling.
WHAT TO SEE
Visit to Vršacki vineyards and cellar capacity 3400 cars, tour plantation of vineyards, through which zou can drive a car for two hours, going to the famous old wine cellar in the village near Vršac - Gudurica with wine tasting, will satisfy your curiosity.
To Vršac from Belgrade there is 80 km to the north-east.