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Friday, 18 August 2017

Upon the trails of Roman emperors

medijana1

Day 1: Belgrade - Sremska Mitrovica

Departure from the hotel and visit of the Belgrade fortress that was largely built by the Roman builders. Visiting of the Roman walls in the basement of the Belgrade City Library. There are also parts of the Roman aqueduct that functioned for almost 1500 years.

Journey to Sremska Mitrovica and visit of the ancient city of Sirmium, the capital of the province of Lower Pannonia, and one of the four capitals of the Roman Empire. The city was founded in the first century AD.

Return to Belgrade and overnight stay.

Day 2: Belgrade – Viminacium - Djerdap gorge – Lepenski vir - Kladovo

Departure from Belgrade.

Visit to the Roman city Viminacium - the archaeological site where there are the remains of the capital of the Roman province of Upper Moesia and the legionary camp. Viminacium had a special significance as the leading Roman metropolis in this part of the Danube lines. A skeleton of a mammoth was recently discovered in the site.

Djerdap Gorge
or the Iron Gate of Europe is one of the most impressive scenes on the continent. At Golubac fortress, Danube river tightens from huge 6.5 kilometers of width into just a few hundred meters. It passes afterwards through a huge gorge through which formerly Pannonian Sea ran into Pont. Danube becomes the deepest river in Europe, with up to 94 meters of depth in the gorge, while the cliffs above the river rise to over 700 meters in height.

Lunch.

Stop-overs at lookouts along the way.

Visit to the archeological site Lepenski Vir - about 8000 years ago, in the village of Lepenski Vir, one of the first regulated civilizations in Europe lived. The discovery of this site was a surprise to the scientific community, because it was believed that at the time there were no societies in Europe at such a high level of development of human society.

Tour of the statue of the Dacian King Decebal – the statue was carved out of natural rock on the Romanian side of the gorge. It is 40 m high and it is the largest sculptural portrait of Europe. Construction lasted for ten years, and the price of the sculpture reached one million dollars. The story of Decebal is closely related to the conquests of the Roman emperor Trajan, and one of the most brutal stories from Roman history.

Visit of the Roman fortress Diana from the 1st century - The fort was built at the end of the first century, during the reign of Emperor Trajan. It guarded channels which enabled navigation on the Danube. The fortress was destroyed and rebuilt several times from 4th till 6th century. Its final collapse, the fortress experienced in 596 during the Slavic-Avarian intrusion into the Balkan Peninsula.

Arrival in Kladovo and check-in at the hotel. Free evening for the walks by the river, or swimming at the town beach.

Dinner and overnight.

Day 3: Kladovo – Felix Romuliana – Niš - Belgrade

Breakfast and check out from the hotel.

Visit to the Roman city of Felix Romuliana from the third century BC (part of world heritage by UNESCO). Felix Romuliana or Happy Romuliana is the imperial palace of Galerius Valerius Maximianus, one of the great rulers of the eastern part of the kingdoms during the Tetrarchy. He dedicated this palace to his mother Romuliana

Journey towards Niš, the birthplace of Constantine the Great.

Tour of the Niš fortress and Roman Lapidarium, then a visit to the summer house which Constantine built for himself - Mediana, with mosaics worthy of one of the Roman emperors.

Overnight stay and dinner in Niš or return to Belgrade. Departure to the home country.

Price per person: on request