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Sunday, 21 January 2018

Monastery Visoki (High) Decani

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monastery-visoki-decaniMonastery is situated in a valley near Decani Bistrica river, west of Pec, below the mountain massif Prokletije. Building of Church of Christ Pantocrator (Almighty) started 1327, undert the patronage of the Serbian King Stefan Uros third of Decani.

The main master was Vita from Kotor, a Catholic monk, and the work was overseen by Archbishop Danilo II, which look after "building and stronghold" of the church having gathered "a great many artistic and skilled craftsmen”. Stefan of Decani himself built the cornerstone of this church on 1330. The founder issued a charter which was graciously given its rich as endowment. After death of King Stephen, his work continued his son Stefan Dusan and completed the construction of Decani in 1335 year. At the time of slavery to the Turkish Empire, this, once empirial monastery, survived, but in very difficult circumstances.
UNESCO declared the Decani Monastery the place of World Cultural Heritage on 2004, stating that his frescoes are one of the most valuable examples of the so-called renaissance Palaeologus, the Byzantine art and valuable record of life in the fourteenth century.
Church was painted much later, in 1347-1348. Proportion of the monastery (36 meters long and 30 meters high), for the time completely unusual contributed to this monastery called "High" (High Decani). Nobly simple, harmonious proportion of this monastery, is the largest Serbian medieval monument. According to legend, Stefan of Decani has chosen the site where the monastery now lies. His majesty walked a lot for this purpose, then suddenly stumbled on this place enchanted by its beauty.

"Now, setting tents, the dwelling was marveling at beautiful place, because is the highest places, enriched trees of many, and branch-riched and largely fertile, and as flat and grassy, and the sweetest water flow from all sides. There rise great springs and powere its clear rivers, which makes water taste great before and gives flush to face, and after swalaw great body feeling, so that many can’t get enough of this water. From western side, it is in the shade of great mountains, and hence there is a healthy air. On the east side of this place it is wide field, irrigated the by same river. Such is therefore the place of honor and worthily to raise the monastery "(Gregory Tsamblak).

Knez Milos raised in 1836 a residence for monks, and Prince Alexander in 1849 gives the shrine for the relics of King Stefan of Decani. During the 19th century monastic buildings were restored.
Decani Church of Christ Pantocrator is among the largest construction of medieval Serbia. Decani church was built of marble slabs in Crucifixion of Christ two colors. According to its complexity church is in harmony permeation of Western elements - Romanesque and Gothic, and Eastern - Byzantine style with the existing traditions of Serbian art. Painting of Decani church lasted from the end of construction 1335th up to the 1350th and several artists were the best painters of Dushan's Empire. By the number of characters and scenes, and overall painted surface, Decani were leader of Serbian fresco painting art of the Middle Ages.

In the monastery there is a fresco of Crucifixion of Christ, which many people, not versed in Byzantine philosophy, associate with the UFO, because of human personifications of the sun and moon.